From Wikipedia’s article on Laetacara:

Laetacara is a small genus of cichlids native to soft, acidic freshwater habitats in South America. The genus is also collectively known as the smiling acaras. The range of the genus extends from the upper Orinoco River in Venezuela to the Paraná River in Paraguay. Like all cichlids, Laetacara species have well-developed brood care.

My Fish:

Pictures and video of the four fish that I picked up from Top Shelf Aquatics in Cincinnati Ohio and possibly a two pairs are forming.


The Laetacara are considered a beginners fish, which is OK, because the colors and size make it a great choice for hobbyist with limited resources. I keep my fish as I do all South Americans, with a tank temp of 78 – 80 Fahrenheit and a pH between 6.5 with Ammonia, Nitrite and Nitrates are all kept around zero by performing large water changes using a mix of 50/50 RO and tap water. Most water companies provide analysis and Kentucky American is no exception. Lexington KY water analysis.

Description and care:

Tropical Fish Hobbyist information page.

Common Names:

Smiling acara, flag acara, flag cichlid, curviceps, dwarf flag cichlid, sheepshead acara, blunt-head cichlid, etc.


7–9 cm (2¾–3½ inches), males larger than females.


Highly variable, with several distinct geographical races, which have been blended in captive stocks. These cichlids can change color and pattern very quickly. Some individuals show considerable color, especially blue in the body and red in the fins. Breeding fish take on particularly intense coloration. A dark spot in the middle of the dorsal fin is often present.



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Using bash command rename to rename multiple files at once

Using rename against multiple patterns on Ubuntu version=”15.04 (Vivid Vervet)”

So I had several folders of files where I wanted to rename them all cutting the cruft off the beginning and end of the file. Fortunately the part of the file that I wanted to keep was also incrementing.

Probably a thousand ways to do this but rename is so easy.

A few options to consider when using the rename command.
-v: Print names of files successfully renamed.
-n: Show what files would have been renamed.
-f: Force overwrite existing files.

The rename command uses perlexpr: Perl Expression.

The issue:

Example files:

First we can do a test run by specifying the n option.
rename -n ‘s/xxxxxxxxx//g’,’s/yyyyyyyyyy//g’ *.zip

We see the results are what we are after and now what we need so to complete the rename.

rename ‘s/xxxxxxxxx//g’,’s/yyyyyyyyyy//g’ *.zip

ls -ltra

That is about as simple as it can be.

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Presentation ownCloud 8 Server

Presentation on ownCloud 8 installation from the March 2015 meeting of BGLUG.

Presentation included the server setup through ownCloud 8 setup.

ownCloud logo with background

This is just a place holder for the actual presentation that I did for the Bluegrass Linux User Group on ownCloud 8. Presentation saved in LibreOffice Impress format, PDF, and the actual notes that I used that night in text format.

While the notes and presentation will leave you with a running instance of ownCloud 8, I do not consider this a completed project. These notes are just a starting point to learning more about ownCloud 8, SELinux, and CentOS.

Presentation for LibreOffice Impress:

Presentation in PDF format:

Notes in text:

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Cryptoheros sajica

Cryptoheros sajica

A break from the Linux and tech posts to talk Tropical fish.

I recently rediscovered an old favourite Cryptoheros sajica.

According to Wikipedia:

The T-bar cichlid (Cryptoheros sajica), also known as Sajica cichlid is a Central American species of cichlid found in freshwater streams and lakes on the Pacific slope of Costa Rica. It was formerly known as Archocentrus sajica, but the taxonomy was revised as a result of a study by Juan Schmitter-Soto. The fish is tan colored with seven indistinct bars on the body. The third bar is usually prominent and coupled with a dark lateral stripe running from the gill cover results in a horizontal T-shaped mark, hence the common name of T-bar cichlid.

Males reportedly can reach up to 5 inches (12cm) in length and from what I have read it is possible to raise a group of 6 to maturity in a tank as small as 75 gallons, due to it being one of the more “peaceful member” of the Convict cichlids.

Evidently Cryptoheros sajica spawning behaviours include cave spawning and open substrate spawning.

Looking at images on Google the males can develop a nuchal hump and develop long filaments on the dorsal and anal fins.

My fish are eating just about anything. They pick at algae, eat all flake and pellets along with live baby guppies that enter the tank.

Tank temp is 76.

pH is around 7.

One of my fish at 1.5 inches:

Cryptoheros sajicaTo learn more about Cryptoheros sajica:

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CentOS 7 and

CentOS 7 and


Just finished a nice overview course of the new CentOS 7 release over at LinuxAcademy. The course is not meant to be in depth training but at a little over two hours of training it covered a lot of the new features and difference in past releases.

Using CentOS as a desktop is not something I would normally think about but CentOS 7 has a very nice implementation of Gnome 3 that is user friendly.

Course outline:


  • Introduction to CentOS 7

Documentation and Support Lifecycle

  • Documentation: How to Read the Freaking Manual
  • CentOS Support Lifecycle
  • CentOS and Red Hat: Enterprise Partners

Installation Considerations and Examples

  • Installation: Which Type to Choose
  • Installation: VMWare ESXi Considerations
  • Installation: Oracle VirtualBox Considerations

Fundamental Changes

  • Systemd vs. Sysvinit
  • Runlevel Management
  • Security Changes – System Defaults

Administration and Management

  • Network Adapter: Standardized Naming
  • Filesystem and Automounting: UUID Standard
  • Remote Administration: VNC as a Systemd Service

CentOS 7: Your New Desktop Environment?

  • Introducing Gnome Shell (Gnome 3)
  • Gnome Shell: Customization with Gnome Tweak Tool
  • GUI Tools for Administration

The Future of the CentOS Distribution

  • Red Hat Stewardship and Upcoming Plans

Entertaining as always and very informative.

I am a paying customer and in no other way am I associated with the

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Fedora Server 21 Beta Cockpit

Fedora Server 21 Beta Cockpit

Cockpit is a server manager from Redhat that allows easy administration of GNU/Linux servers via a web browser. Cockpit is currently enabled on the Fedora 21 Server edition beta.

Cockpit currently supports:

  • Storage administration
  • Inspecting journals
  • The starting and stopping of services
  • Network Administration
  • Monitor multiple servers at one time.
  • Includes a command line interface in the web browser.

Simple interface makes it easier for new and old administrators to get work done.

Screen shots of Cockpit:

Storage administration:

Fedora Server 21 Beta Cockpit System storage area in Cockpit

System storage area in Cockpit


Fedora Server 21 Beta Cockpit System services area in Cockpit

Fedora Server 21 Beta Cockpit System services area in Cockpit

Links to more information:

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words symlink is broken

/usr/share/dict/words Symlink is Broken?

While doing some work from the shell with on a laptop newly loaded with Debian 7 I had trouble with use spell check.

Try running the command below and look at the output.

matthew@sysX:~$ look administrator
look: /usr/share/dict/words: No such file or directory
matthew@sysX:~$ ls -l /usr/share/dict/words
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 30 Jan 22 2013 /usr/share/dict/words -> /etc/dictionaries-common/words

So I look for the words file and it is not there.

matthew@mldlpt:~$ sudo ls -l /etc/dictionaries-common/words
ls: cannot access /etc/dictionaries-common/words: No such file or directory

Searching google showed this being an issue if the dictionaries-common package is installed.

matthew@sysX:~$ sudo apt-get remove dictionaries-common

Removing dictionaries-common wants to remove a lot of programs that depend on dictionaries-common so be careful. A few programs that were using this package were GIMP, Midori, and VLC.

After this your symlink to words works, but I like some of the programs that were about to be removed, and so I put them back.

So instead of removing the dictionaries-common package I thought this might be a better approach.

Find the installed dictionaries.

matthew@sysX:~$ locate american-english

Unlink the current words link.

matthew@sysX:~$ sudo unlink usr/share/dict/words

Create the new symlink.

matthew@sysX:~$ sudo ln -s /usr/share/dict/american-english /usr/share/dict/words

And now my commands work and I have not experienced any downsides.

matthew@sysX:~$ look administrator

My system:

matthew@sysX:~$ cat /etc/os-release
PRETTY_NAME=”Debian GNU/Linux 7 (wheezy)”
NAME=”Debian GNU/Linux”
VERSION=”7 (wheezy)”

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modprobe vboxdrv failed

What is “modprobe vboxdrv failed. Please use ‘dmesg’ to find out why”?

Recently while updating my personal servers I found that I could not access my virtual machines through phpVirtualBox.

I was able to enter the user ID and password but I then received an error about Exception Object which is shown below.

modprobe vboxdrv failed. Please use 'dmesg' to find out why










Strange, I have not seen this error before, and my searches on Google were returning that there was an issue with php’s config file.

So off to the command line where I looked at the config file and it appeared to be OK. I had a backup of the config file for php. So I compared the backup to the current file which showed the files were the same.

A few more searches with Google kept leading me to same results. I thought to myself that my Google search skills must be getting weak, or I was just missing something.

So I went to the command line and found that vboxdrv service was not running and I tried to start the service:

service vboxdrv start
Starting VirtualBox kernel modules           [FAILED]
(modprobe vboxdrv failed. Please use ‘dmesg’ to find out why)

So I issued the dmesg command which showed nothing and it was here that it dawned on me that the last round of updates also included a kernel update.

The fix is to recompile.

/etc/init.d/vboxdrv setup
Stopping VirtualBox kernel modules                        [  OK  ]
Recompiling VirtualBox kernel modules                  [  OK  ]
Starting VirtualBox kernel modules                         [  OK  ]
[root@main ~]# service vboxdrv start
Starting VirtualBox kernel modules                         [  OK  ]
[root@main ~]# shutdown -r now

And now I can log into phpVirtualBox and see my virtual machines.

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Linux Online Education

Linux Online Education

I have been looking at different opportunity’s for a Linux online education and have recently started taking courses over at Linux Academy. I also want to state that I am a paying customer and did not receive any compensation for this post.

About Linux Academy:

The Linux Academy provides hundreds of comprehensive step-by-step training videos on Linux, Python, and Android. Our Linux courses will help you on your journey from beginner to Linux Professional in no time! Our courses are geared to prepare you for the Linux+ and LPIC Certifications. If your tastes go beyond just Linux, you can branch out into Python and Android Development, all for the same basic subscription!

I like Linux Academy’s overall layout, and all of the course material is on topic and well done.Linux Online Education

The main courses are broken into several subjects, which contain videos, exercises and course notes, some of which you can download.

While watching the course videos you can and should follow along using a real server that Linux Academy provides.

When I did have concerns with the course material, I was able to place a support request and the response to my questions were addressed in a timely manner.

An online forum is also available where other “students” and staff will respond to your questions and concerns which is another big plus.

Some of the courses offered by Linux Academy:

  • Introduction To Linux (Run Linux As Your Desktop)
  • Linux+ LPIC Level 1 Exam 101
  • Linux+ LPIC Level 1 Exam 102
  • LPIC Level 2 Exam 201
  • AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Associate Level
  • AWS Certified Developer – Associate Level
  • AWS Certified SysOps Administrator – Associate Level
  • Introduction To Python On Linux
  • Introduction To VMware ESXi

As you can see the courses provided are varied and cover current topics.

So far I have completed the following courses:

Looking for Linux Online Education has been a challenge, and while there are really good free sites available I  think the money spent on Linux Academy is worth every penny.

So go ahead and start your Linux online education. Linux Academy offers a $1.00 fourteen day trial to get you started.

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Install FreeBSD on KVM

Install FreeBSD on KVM

These are my notes on how to install FreeBSD on KVM.

My notes on how to install FreeBSD on KVM. The following is how I was able to get a FreeBSD 10 server up and running on KVM.

Download an ISO from the FreeBSD Project’s ftp site.



Create your disk.

dd if=/dev/zero of=/var/lib/libvirt/images/FreeBSD1.qcow2 bs=1M count=12288

This is the command that I used to create the VM.

virt-install \
–name=freebsd \
–file=/var/lib/libvirt/images/FreeBSD1.qcow2 \
–file-size=12 \
–nonsparse \
–graphics spice \
–vcpus=1 \
–ram=1024 \
–cdrom=/home/matthew/Downloads/FreeBSD-10.0-RELEASE-amd64-disc1 \
–network bridge=virbr0 \
–os-type bsd \
–os-variant=freebsd \

First we need to check for updates.
freebsd-update fetch
We should see this output which will end up outputing the packages to update to the console:
freebsd-update fetch
Looking up mirrors… 5 mirrors found.
Fetching public key from… done.
Fetching metadata signature for 10.0-RELEASE from… done.
Fetching metadata index… done.
Fetching 2 metadata files… done.
Inspecting system… done.

The following files will be updated as part of updating to 10.0-RELEASE-p7:

Now to actually apply the updates.
freebsd-update install
Installing updates… done.

Now we should now have a server running FreeBSD 10, but what to do with the server will be for another time.

More information on FreeBSD can be found on their home page.

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